Mafia: The City of Lost Heaven (known as simply Mafia) is a third-person shooter video game and the first installment in the Mafia game series. It was developed by Czech company Illusion Softworks (now 2K Czech) and published by Gathering of Developers. Mafia was released for Microsoft Windows in 2002, and later ported to the PlayStation 2 and the Xbox consoles in 2004, in North America and Europe. The game allows the player to take on the role of a mafioso who has to accomplish various missions in order to advance in the game.
Mafia received positive reviews for the Windows version, with critics praising the game as a more realistic and serious Grand Theft Auto-styled game, while the PlayStation 2 and Xbox versions of the game received mixed reviews. A sequel, Mafia II, developed by 2K Czech and published by 2K Games was released in 2010.