Kryštof Harant z Polžic a Bezdružic (1564 – June 21, 1621) was a Czech nobleman, traveller, humanist, soldier, writer and composer.
As a composer he represented the school of Franco-Flemish polyphony in Bohemia. His activity in the revolt of Protestants resulted in his execution by Catholic forces after the Battle of White Mountain during the Thirty Years' War.
He was born at Klenová Castle, near Klatovy, Bohemia. From 1576 he studied singing and counterpoint as a member of a local court band at Innsbruck, at the court of Archduke Ferdinand II, learning 7 languages, discovering his talent for music and the other arts and his interest in history, geography and political science. He returned to Bohemia in 1584 in a vain attempt to get a post at the court of Rudolf II, and so enlisted as a soldier, participating in the 1593 and 1597 campaign against the Turks.