Janis Lyn Joplin (/ˈdʒɒplɪn/; January 19, 1943 – October 4, 1970) was an American singer considered the premier female blues vocalist of the Sixties; her raw, powerful and uninhibited singing style, combined with her turbulent and emotional lifestyle, made her one of the biggest female stars in her lifetime. She died of a drug overdose in 1970 after releasing only four albums.
Joplin rose to fame in 1967 during an appearance at Monterey Pop Festival while the lead singer of the then unknown San Francisco psychedelic rock band Big Brother and the Holding Company. After two albums with the band, she left them to continue as a solo artist with her own backing groups, first the Kozmic Blues Band and the Full Tilt Boogie Band. She appeared at Woodstock festival and the Festival Express train tour. Five singles by Joplin went into the Billboard Top 100, including "Me and Bobby McGee" which reached number 1 in March 1971; her most popular songs include "Piece of My Heart", "Cry Baby", "Down on Me", "Ball 'n' Chain", "Summertime", and "Mercedes Benz" the final song she recorded.